As such, the AAP Board of Directors approved the broad dissemination of this analysis to assist pediatricians with addressing the complex issues related to same-gender couples and their children. A meta-analysis of developmental outcomes for children of same-sex and heterosexual parents. The results have implications for advancing supportive policies, practices, and laws related to adoption and parenting by sexual minority adults. The study assessed the influence of protective factors on the psychological adjustment of children who had experienced homophobia and whose mothers were participants in a longitudinal study of planned lesbian families. They had active social networks and close family bonds.
However, further work is needed to determine the mechanisms involved.
Future studies of adaptive coping processes and longitudinal changes in social experiences among offspring of gay and lesbian parents are warranted. When asked for sources to support his statements, a spokesperson for Kevin Andrews told The Conversation:. Heterosexual parents made a greater effort to provide an opposite-sex role model for their children, but no other differences in their parenting behaviors were found.
Twenty-five lesbian mother families and 38 families headed by a single heterosexual mother were compared with 38 two-parent heterosexual families.